Using Github with ssh keys is preferred, as it's much easier to use. Here is how to set it up:
1. Create an ssh key
ssh-keygen -t rsa -b 4096 -C "firstname.lastname@example.org" -f ~/.ssh/github_id_rsa
The email address is for your convenience, it doesn't really matter what you put there; you can even use this to state the name of the computer that will use that key.
You can use a passphrase - but even without it's sufficiently safe, because only you have the secret key file! But please enabling Two Factor Authentication!
2. Add the key to Github
Log in to https://github.com. In the top right corner, in a drop-down menu, click "Settings". Select "SSH and GPG keys" from the menu on the left. Click "New SSH key", add something as a title and copy the output of
into the "Key" text box.
3. Guide ssh to your key
Edit (or create)
~/.ssh/config and enter the following lines:
Host github.com User git PreferredAuthentications publickey IdentityFile ~/.ssh/github_id_rsa
ssh -T email@example.com
Hi UserName! You've successfully authenticated, but GitHub does not provide shell access.